Positive business case for public charging of EV5 September 2016
NKL's broadly supported benchmark study opens the way to a positive business case
Utrecht, the Netherlands, October 2016
Within the independent knowledge platform NKL, government, knowledge institutions and the business world work together for an affordable, future-proof public charging infrastructure. In order to achieve this, insight into the costs of this infrastructure is crucial. Such insight offers the opportunity for an improved business case from which all parties can benefit.
To identify a trend line from 2013-2020, a benchmark study was carried out to show the cost and revenue of public charging infrastructure in 2016. The point of departure is the cost for slow or parked charging (AC), this to allow a good comparison in the development of costs starting in 2013. The 2016 benchmark study is broadly supported through solid preparation from the science side and testing with a large group of stakeholders.
Cost down 30%, usage up 70%
Compared to 2013, the cost for public charging infrastructure has decreased by around 30%. This is primarily caused by standardization of the placement process and charge point specifications, by scaling up of public tender projects and by lower maintenance costs of the charge points. Moreover, the usage at the public charge point increased over the same period from 5 to 8.5 kWh per day. This means an average increase of 1,800 to 3,060 kWh per year. By means of comparison, an average household in the Netherlands uses around 3,500 kWh per year. In the marketplace, this increase can be seen as a good starting point to arrive at a conclusive business case.
Cost reduction continues and usage keeps increasing
The projection for 2020 is that the trend of cost reduction will continue and that the usage of the charge points will increase. From the 2016 benchmark study, the following is a list of recommendations to further lower the cost of public charging with a positive business case as the goal:
1. Further standardization of the charge points and the back office system
2. Scaling up through uniform protocols and standard requirements for public tenders
3. Lowering costs by applying technical innovation of charging infrastructure
4. Speeding up the application and realization process by way of a proactive placement process
5. Smarter energy usage through the application of Smart Charging
6. Optimization of the occupancy of charge points through Social Charging, which is an app or similar solution to stimulate collaboration between EV drivers when jointly using a charge point
7. The certainty of a continued reduction of the energy tax after 2021
Concrete experiences of NKL
The conclusions of the benchmark study translate into concrete recommendations. Currently, various practical instruments are in development, including the Standard Set of Charge Point Requirements, an independent international OCPI protocol and guideline figures on charging infrastructure. Simultaneously, a dashboard is in development that will allow cost and revenue to be compared and tested in a standard format.
Time to press ahead!
It is our goal to motivate various parties and mobilize them toward a conclusive business case for public charging in the foreseeable future. In this process, the cost analysis helps to keep the Netherlands in its trendsetting role in the field of electric transportation.
Our partners include the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Netherlands Enterprise Agency, the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, provinces, municipalities, market players, knowledge institutes, energy providers and grid operators.
Information and contact
Summery & table: Results of Benchmark costs and revenue from public charge points, 2013-2020
Cost analysis report (Dutch): Benchmark_Kosten Publieke Laadinfrastructuur
NKL Contact: Roland Ferwerda, firstname.lastname@example.org T +31 6 11 53 42 67