Public Charging Benchmark 201810 January 2019
Accelerating progress to a mature market
Market, government, science sector and grid operators must act together
Use of public charging stations is rising steadily – 2018 saw a 15% increase. While the average cost for a new charging station is falling, market forecasts for 2025-2030 predict a more moderate drop. The priority now is to further develop and professionalize the market to ensure it can cope with the expected growth of electric transport. Currently, the primary focus should be action points such as creating a standardized application procedure and ensuring the availability of sufficient technical personnel. These conclusions form the core of the 2018 NKL Public Charging Benchmark Report.
Cost decrease levelling off as usage increases
The costs for a standard charging station (3x25A, 2 sockets) are still decreasing. Market expectations are that initial costs will fall by around 15%, and periodic costs by 5%. The benchmark report shows that in 2018 usage rose by 15% to almost 10kWh per charging station, and that this trend is set to continue. In summary, the indications are that cost optimization has been reached, and further optimization will arise from innovative solutions relating to charging infrastructure, such as charging parks. New business models and functionalities will also become increasingly significant. Attention is therefore shifting from expanding electric transport to maturing the market.
Action points for market professionalization
Last year the NKL introduced the Maturity Model for Electric Vehicle Public Charging Infrastructure, which uses nine categories to show the level of maturity of the current charging infrastructure market, and the level required by 2025-2030 to achieve a professionalized market. The 2018 benchmark shows that in recent years initial steps have been taken. The optimization of charging infrastructure with respect to its installation and use is lagging behind, as is alignment with energy transition. In other categories, too, action points remain unresolved. For example, a standardized and speedy application procedure must be established, perhaps in the form of an independent municipal application portal that would allow municipalities and EV drivers alike to easily and quickly apply for the installation of a charging station at a given locality. There is an urgent need for sufficient personnel (particularly technical personnel) to accelerate the expansion of the charging infrastructure. In addition, to maximize synergy and benefit new business models, increased attention should be paid to the interconnection of mobility, electricity and the built environment. Charging infrastructure links these domains, and is for this reason an important component of the Regional Energy Strategy. This constitutes an opportunity for the taking for local, provincial and national governments, knowledge institutes and market parties.
Additional action points for advancing a mature public charging market:
- Make use of strategic maps
- Establish a comprehensive nationwide network
- Conduct research into the inclusion of charging infrastructure into environmental legislation (Omgevingswet)
- Involve EV drivers in projects, particularly technical projects
- Conduct research into potential consequences if the special tariff for energy tax lapses in 2020
- Assure price transparency
- Conduct research into price differential for home, work and public charging, for the advancement of EV adoption
- Perform cost-benefit analysis for smart charging
- Develop vision for smart charging (for optimization of charging infrastructure)
Benchmark action points in the National Agenda for Charging Infrastructure
To ensure that the action points are actually taken up, the findings of the 2018 benchmark report were shared with the writing teams formulating the National Agenda for a Charging Infrastructure (NAL), which is soon to be published. It will contain agreements about a large proportion of the action points from the benchmark analysis. It is therefore crucial that the market, government, science sector and grid operators act together.
Information about the 2018 Benchmark
1. More information about the 2018 NKL EV Charging Infrastructure Benchmark Report
2. Maturity Model for EV Public Charging Infrastructure
3. Visual Benchmark 2018
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